Chlamydial infection is the most common disease transmitted through sexual contact.
Chlamydiae are bacteria that are responsible for various diseases as pathogens (especially Chlamydiae trachomates):
- In industrialized countries as the main cause of urethritis and its complications e.g. inflammation of the fallopian tubes etc.
- for trachoma. An inflammatory eye disease in countries with poor sanitary conditions that can lead to blindness. Trachoma is considered the most common cause of blindness in developing countries.
- Lymphogranuloma venereum, a sexually transmitted disease.
Infections caused by chlamydia are easily treatable with antibiotics. They must be taken seriously and treated immediately, especially in younger women, as complications (massive abdominal infections) can have serious consequences. If left untreated, chlamydia infections can lead to infertility.