Especially in elementary school, people like to throw around the term ADHD when it comes to children who require a high level of attention. The children are accused of constantly disrupting lessons, not being able to sit still and being too much of a burden. And they are quickly diagnosed with ADHD, even though they are far from qualified to do so.
Yet this disorder has not played a role in our society for all that long. It was only with the introduction of compulsory education that the possibility of the disorder taking root in our minds was created. Because before that, children were not forced to follow lessons quietly and with concentration for longer periods of time.
Spread of ADHD
Today, ADHD is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Even though the disorder begins before the age of six, it often reaches its peak severity after children start school.
Overall, about three percent of school children are affected by ADHD today. At first glance, boys seem to be affected much more frequently than girls. However, new studies and findings suggest that many girls are also affected. However, since these show a somewhat different symptomatic picture, they are rarely diagnosed correctly.
Clichés around ADHD
Today, there is a whole collection of clichés and prejudices surrounding ADHD. However, many of these can be completely debunked if you take a closer look at the disorder.
ADHD is not a disease of modern civilization and has nothing to do with wrong education, wrong nutrition or the use of computer games. And you must always be aware that not every fidget suffers from ADHD.
The positive sides of ADHD
However, just because a child has ADHD does not exclusively mean that they need special care and support. Having a child with ADHD doesn't just mean that it takes a lot of attention and effort. In contrast, the children also have all strengths and positive sides. For example, those affected often also show a high level of creativity and the gift of a strong imagination. A high ability to improvise can also often be observed. Last but not least, a strong sense of justice can also be seen in many ADHD children.
ADHD is an abbreviation for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This is a mental disorder associated with the symptom complex of inattention, overreactivity and impulsivity.
However, ADHD is not a firmly defined and precisely describable disorder. Often there are mixed forms and combinations with other disorders. Tics, moodiness, anxiety and aggression can also occur. In children, a behavioural disorder is also frequently present. Adults with ADHD show a tendency to dissocial behaviour and tend to abuse addictive substances.
In principle, three types of ADHD can be distinguished
- predominantlyinattentive type: deficits of attention come to the fore, whereas hyperactive and impulsive behaviour can hardly be observed.
- predominantlyhyperactive-impulsive type: hyperactive and impulsive behaviour comes to the fore, while deficits in attention are not observed.
- Mixed type: This is a wide field in which both attention deficits, hyperactivity and impulsivity are seen.
In most cases, the symptomatology begins before the age of six. Even if it is a congenital disorder, there are also children in whom the diagnosis can only be made after they have started school, because they only become conspicuous in everyday school life. With younger children it is often difficult to distinguish behaviour in the sense of ADHD symptoms from age-appropriate development.