The therapy of otitis media depends above all on the respective stage of the disease. Often the inflammation of the middle ear heals spontaneously.
Keeping the Eustachian tube open
In order to stop the germ from spreading and thus prevent a middle ear infection, decongestant nasal drops can be administered at a very early stage and possibly also supported with inhalation of camomile vapour.
And even if the otitis media acuta has already occurred, one should do everything to open the connection again, so that the inflammatory secretion can flow off and the inflammation can heal. In addition, of course, the pain should be addressed.
Antibiotics for persistent inflammation
If there is no improvement in the earache within the first 36 to 48 hours, it is advisable to administer an antibiotic. This should be taken for at least seven to ten days in order to kill the germs that cause the earache.
Tympanostomy tubes for repeated middle ear infections
Children often have repeated acute middle ear infections, but these pass within a few days. However, if this occurs several times a year and over several years, or if the inflammation is always particularly severe, a so-called tympanostomy tube can be inserted into the eardrum. This then allows the middle ear to be ventilated and the fluid to drain away to the outside.
Do not administer ear drops
The administration of ear drops, which was so popular in the past, is now obsolete, so it is no longer done. As the name suggests, the inflammation takes place in the middle ear, that is, behind the eardrum. In most cases, the eardrum is still intact, which is why the active substances administered with the drops do not reach the site of the infection at all. Only if purulent discharge already occurs, it may be useful to give ear drops.